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Areas of Learning in EYFS - General Expectations

Prime Areas of Learning

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

  • settle into school
  • share and take turns
  • engage enthusiastically in classroom learning activities

Physical Development

  • hold a pencil correctly in a tripod grip (using 3 fingers)
  • move in a variety of ways and can stop, start and change directions on a given signal
  • can use space safely with an awareness of others

Communication and Language

  • take turns in conversation
  • show good listening skills – to look at the person speaking, to listen to all of the words
  • respond appropriately to what they hear.

Specific Areas of Learning


  • learn and practise letter sounds
  • learn and recognise instantly at least 25 key words
  • write their own names and form most letters correctly


  • recognise and begin to write numerals to at least 10
  • consistently count accurately to at least 10 / 20
  • describe and recognise 2D and 3D shapes

Understanding the World

  • be aware of the changing season and weather changes
  • ask questions and investigate what’s around them
  • know that everyone in different but still special

Expressive Arts and Design

  • recognise how sounds can be changed – using both voice and instruments
  • sing some familiar songs independently
  • experiment with paint and a range of other media
  • use their imagination in music, art, role play and construction